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4. Introduction to Air Pollution Economic Assessments

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The Main Assessment View of the Regulatory Economic Analyses Inventory database divides air pollution analyses into seven groups:

  • ambient air quality standards
  • global climate change
  • indoor air pollution
  • mobile source regulations
  • national emission standards for hazardous air pollutants (NESHAP)
  • performance and emission regulations
  • stratospheric ozone protection

    Each of these broad groups encompasses many individual studies on various topics. For example, ambient air quality standards are classified into one of 17 categories (carbon monoxide, lead, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, etc.), mobile source regulations are organized in the database into 26 separate categories (clean fuel fleet program, gasoline volatility controls, reformulated gasoline, etc). The studies on individual topics fall into several different types: benefit analysis, cost analysis, cost-effectiveness analysis, economic impact assessment, regulatory impact analysis, risk assessment and several others.

    The following parts of this section review several air pollution-related Economic Analyses and other documents to give the reader a feeling for the nature and scope of reports in the database. Each EA review begins with an introduction that describes the rationale for the proposed regulation and the alternatives that were considered. Then follows a discussion of the cost analysis, benefit analysis, the economic analysis that combines benefit and cost considerations, and the proposed action.

    Economic Analyses
    4.1 Carbon Monoxide Ambient Air Quality Standard
    4.2 Refueling Emission Regulations for Light Duty Vehicles and Trucks and Heavy Duty Vehicles
    4.3 Control of Emissions of Air Pollution from Highway Heavy-Duty Engines
    4.4 Hazardous Organic Chemical NESHAP

    Other Documents
    4.5 Architectural and Industrial Maintenance Coatings EIA and RFA
    4.5 Economic Impact Analysis for the Petroleum Refinery NESHAP

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