Pulp, Paper, And Paperboard Industry--Background Information For Proposed Air Emission Standards: Manufacturing Processes At Kraft, Sulfite, Soda, and Semi-Chemical Mills, Interim Final.
National emission standards for hazardous air pollutants (NESHAP) are being proposed for the pulp and paper industry under authority of Section 112(d) of the Clean Air Act as amended in 1990. This background information document provides technical information and analyses used in the development of the proposed pulp and paper NESHAP. This document covers air emission controls for wood pulping and bleaching processes at pulp mills and integrated mills (i.e., mills that combine on-site production of both pulp and paper). This BID documents the Agency's conclusions about hazardous air pollutant (HAP) emissions from this industry, the demonstrated technologies available to control HAP emissions, and the costs and other impacts of applying these technologies.
Effluent guideline limitations for pulp and paper mills are being developed concurrently under the Clean Water Act. Technical information used for the development of effluent guideline limitations is in separate documents (W.93.18).
|Air pollution; Volatile organic compounds; Hazardous air pollutants; Pulp and paper mills; Pulp mills; Paper mills|
|Office of Air and Radiation|
|Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards|
|Emission Standards Division|
|Background Cost-Related Document|