The Benefits of Reducing Nitrate Contamination In Private Domestic Wells Under CAFO Regulatory Options
EPA's proposed revisions to the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) regulation and effluent guidelines would affect the number and type of facilities subject to regulation as confined animal feeding operations (CAFOs), and would also introduce new requirements governing the land application of manure. As a result, EPA anticipates that its regulatory proposal will reduce nitrate levels in household wells. In light of clear empirical evidence from the economics literature that households are willing to pay to reduce nitrate concentrations in their water supplies, the anticipated improvement in the quality of water drawn from private domestic wells represents a clear economic benefit. This report estimates these benefits for each of the 12 regulatory scenarios evaluated.
|Office of Water|
|Office of Science and Technology|
|Engineering and Analysis Division, Office of Science and Technology|
|Stratus Consulting Inc.|