Impact of Motor Gasoline Lead Additive Regulations on Petroleum Refineries and Energy Resources - 1974-1980, Phase 1, Final Report.
The report presents results of a study to assess the impact on operations of petroleum refineries and on energy resources of two regulations promulgated by the Environmental Protection Agency to control the level of lead additive in motor gasoline. The first of these regulations requires the availability of low-octane, lead-free gasoline of vehicles which will be equipped with lead sensitive catalytic converters designed to meet 1975 automotive emission standards. For health reasons, the second regulation requires a gradual phase-down of the lead content of the total gasoline pool (including higher octane gasoline to satisfy the remaining high-comprression ratio engines). The study considers separately the impact of each regulation. Effects of overall refinery yields, refinery operation flexibility to maximize production of gasoline and/or heating oils, and on energy resources requirements have been considered. Other parametric studies evaluate suppositions of a need for a higher octane lead free gasoline and a higher demand for lead free gasoline than the forecast.
|Gasoline; Gasoline engine; Tetraethyl lead; Octane number; Refineries|
|Office of Air and Radiation|
|No suboffice specified|
|Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards|
|Economic Impact Assessment|
|Arthur D. Little, Inc.|