Economic Impact Analysis For The Proposed Municipal Solid Waste Landfills, Proposed Regulation.
Pursuant to Section 112 of the Clean Air Act, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is developing a National Emissions Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) to control emissions released from the landfills. This report presents the economic impacts associated with the proposed national emission standards for hazardous air pollutants (NESHAP) for municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills. These standards are scheduled to be proposed in the summer of 2000. These proposed standards are applicable to all major and some area sources. Hazardous air pollutants (HAP) emitted by MSW landfills include but are not limited to vinyl chloride, ethyl benzene, toluene, and benzene. Exposure to these and other HAP can cause adverse health effects including cancer. Possible noncancer health effects include respiratory and skin irritation; severe allergic reaction; effects upon the eyes; various systemic effects including effects upon the liver, kidney, lung, cardiovascular system, and blood; neurotoxic effects; and, in extreme cases, death. This proposed NESHAP contains the same requirements as the emission guidelines and new source performance standards (EG/NSPS), 40 CFR part 60, subparts Cc and WWW. In addition to the requirements of the EG/NSPS, this NESHAP adds startup, shutdown, and malfunction requirements, operating condition violations for out-of-bounds monitoring parameters, and it changes the reporting frequency for one type of report.
These proposed standards fulfill the requirements of section 112(d) of the Clean Air Act (CAA), which requires the Administrator to regulate emissions of HAP listed in section 112(b) and in the Urban Air Toxics Strategy required to be developed under section 112(k) of the CAA.
|Air pollution control; Environmental regulation; Economic impact analysis; Landfills|
|Office of Air and Radiation|
|Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards|
|Emission Standards Division|
|Sorrels, Larry; Bradley, Lillian|
|Economic Impact Assessment|
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