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Savings from Using Economic Incentives: By Table of Contents

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Savings from Using Economic Incentives

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Foreword
Executive Summary
1. Introduction
1.1. Scope and Relation to Earlier EPA reports
1.2. Definitions
1.3. Types of Economic Incentives Discussed in the Report
1.4. Organization of Report
2. Economic Opportunities
2.1. Diverse Sources and Little-Known Control Technology
2.2. Greater Efficiency
2.2.1. Efficiency Gains from Environmental Pollution Fees
2.2.2. Cost Implications of Changes in Monitoring Technology
2.3. Stimulus to Innovation and Technical Change
2.4. Environmental Effects of Incentive Approaches
3. Potential Cost Savings from Existing Economic Incentives
3.1. Nature of Cost Savings Considered
3.2. Cost Savings from Existing Incentive Systems for Air Pollution Control
3.2.1. Air Emissions Trading
3.2.2. Chlorofluorocarbon Taxes and Allowance Trading
3.2.3. Acid Rain Allowance Trading
3.2.4. RECLAIM
3.2.5. Reporting Requirements
3.2.6. Regional Nitrogen Oxides Trading Program
3.2.7. Other Incentives for Air Pollution Control
3.2.7.1. State Air Emission Fees
3.2.7.2. Federal Nonattaniment Area Fees
3.2.7.3. Vehicle Scrapping
3.2.7.4. Oxygenated Fuels Requirement
3.2.7.5. Hazardous Air Pollutants Early Reduction
3.2.8. Summary of Cost Savings from Existing Incentives to Reduce Air Pollution
3.3. Water Pollution Control
3.3.1. Effluent Charge Systems
3.3.2. Liability Provisions
3.3.3. Reporting Requirements
3.3.4. Effluent Trading Programs
3.3.5. Summary of Cost Savings from Existing Incentives to Reduce Water Pollution
3.4. Solid and Hazardous Waste Management
3.4.1. Marginal Cost Pricing for Household Waste
3.4.2. Beverage Container Deposits
3.4.3. Lead-Acid Battery Deposits
3.4.4. Reporting Requirements
3.4.5. Summary of Cost Savings from Existing Incentives to Reduce Land Pollution
4. Potential Future Savings from New Market-based Instrument Programs
4.1. Cost Savings from New Incentive Systems for Air Pollution Control
4.2. Cost Savings from Incentive Systems for Greenhouse Gas Emission Control
4.3. Cost Savings from New Incentive Applications for Water Pollution Control
4.4. Cost Savings from New Incentive Systems for Solid and Hazardous Waste Management
4.5. Summary of Cost Savings
5. Conclusions: Opportunities for Cost Savings
Bibliography


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