3.4. Solid and Hazardous Waste Management
This section reviews some of the more important economic instruments already in place for solid and hazardous waste management. Over 3,000 communities have instituted per-bag or per-can charge systems for household solid waste disposal.This experience is reviewed in the first subsection Marginal Cost Pricing for Solid Waste. The second subsection describes experiences with beverage container deposit systems that were first enacted in Oregon in 1972 and now are found in ten states..A third subsection characterizes experiences with deposit legislation affecting lead acid automotive batteries. A number of states have imposed or are considering recycled content standards for newsprint as an incentive to stimulate newsprint recycling but experiences with this approach are too few from which to form an assessment. SARA Title III reporting, described in the fourth subsection, appears to be influencing the reported quantities of hazardous waste disposed of on land and injected underground. Private disposal charges for hazardous waste vary with quantity, providing an incentive to reduce wastes; however, little in the way of quantitative analysis points to the magnitude of potential cost savings from such charges.