Evaluation of Air Pollution Regulatory Strategies For Gasoline Marketing Industry.
The gasoline marketing industry (bulk terminals, bulk plants, service station storage tanks, and service station vehicle refueling operations) emit to the atmosphere several organic compounds of concern. These include: volatile organic compounds (VOC), which contribut to ozone formation; benzene, which has been listed as a hazardous air pollutant based on human evidence of carcinogencity; and ethylene dichloride (EDC), ethylene dibromide (EDB), and gasoline vapors, for which there is animal evidence of carcinogencity. This report contains an analysis of the health, emission, cost, and economic impacts of several regulatory strategies for addressing organic compound emissions from gasoline marketing sources. The regulatory strategies considered are: (1) service station controls (Stage II) for vehicle refueling emissions only in areas requiring additional VOC control to attain the national ozone ambient standard; (2) service station controls (Stage II) for vehicle refueling emissions on a nationwide basis; (3) Onboard vehicle controls for vehicle refueling emissions on a natiionwide basis; (4) bulk terminal, bulk plant, and service station storage tank controls on a nationwide basis; and (5) various permutations and combinations of these alternatives.
|Gasoline; Air pollution; Pollution control; Stationary sources; Mobile sources; Volatile Organic Compounds Emissions; Benzene emissions|
|Office of Air and Radiation|
|Office of Mobile Sources|
|No division specified|
|Regulatory Impact Analysis|