Economic Analysis of Proposed Effluent Guidelines--Beet Sugar Industry, Final Report.
The beet sugar industry, SIC 2063, is composed of 52 operating plants owned by 10 firms. Beet sugar plants are old with 38 plants built prior to 1933. Nineteen plants have 55 percent of industry capacity. Estimated after-tax return on sales range from zero up to four percent depending on plant size and campaign length. Prices are indirectly controlled under the Sugar Act by adjustments in domestic production acreage and impact quotas.
Imposition of effluent limitations are not expected to raise prices because large portion of the capacity is at a near zero discharge level. Ultimate price responses, however, are believed to depend on the Secretary of Agriculture's action on quota adjustments. Potential closures due to imposition of zero discharge standards are estimated to be 7 to 17 plants (8 to 26 percent of beet sugar production). A discharge of .5 pounds BOD in 1977 for plants without land available for control facilities of zero for plants with available land is estimated to cause 4 to 10 potential plant closures.
|Pollution; Water pollution; Industrial wastes; Sugar beets; Economic; Economic analysis; Discounted cash flow; Demand; Supply; Prices; Fixed costs; Variable costs; Community; Production capacity; Fixed investment|
|Office of Water - Office of Policy Planning and Evaluation|
|No division specified|
|Economic Impact Assessment|
|Development Planning and Research Associates, Inc.|